Document

Consensus update: Articles from the Shoulder Workgroup published in Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

Hi all,

We are pleased to announce that the articles from the shoulder workgroup is published in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. Please visit the links below to access it.

potw

Paper of the week: Use of incisional vacuum-assisted closure in the prevention of postoperative infection in high-risk patients who underwent spine surgery: a proof-of-concept study.

Paper of the week: Use of incisional vacuum-assisted closure in the prevention of postoperative infection in high-risk patients who underwent spine surgery: a proof-of-concept study. Dyck BA, Bailey CS, Steyn C, Petrakis J, Urquhart JC, Raj R, Rasoulinejad P. J Neurosurg Spine. 2019 May 10:1-10. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.SPINE18947.

Summary by Dr Sreeram Penna

In this study researchers wanted to see if use of incisional vacuum assisted closure resulted in lower surgical site infections in high-risk patients who underwent spine surgery. A total of 64 patients were included In this proof of concept study. 21 patients received incisional vacuum assisted closure and and 43 diagnosis matched patients received standard dressings. Patients undergoing vacuum assisted closure met criteria for high risk of infection including posterior open surgery across the cervicothoracic junction; thoracic kyphosis due to metastatic disease; high-energy trauma; or multilevel revision reconstructive surgery. They also met one or more co-morbidity criteria, including body mass index 35 more, body mass index below 18.5, diabetes, previous radiation at surgical site, chemotherapy, steroid use, bedridden state, large traumatic soft-tissue disruption, or immunocompromised state. Although not statistically significant (p=0.314) vacuum assisted closure had lower infection rate 10% (2/21) compared to standard dressings 21% (9/43). This study demonstrates possible utility of vacuum assisted closure to reduce surgical site infections in high risk spine surgery patients.

Uncategorized

Paper of the Week: Four versus six weeks of antibiotic therapy for osteoarticular infections after implant removal: a randomized trial.

Four versus six weeks of antibiotic therapy for osteoarticular infections after implant removal: a randomized trial. Benkabouche M, Racloz G, Spenchbach H, Lipsky BA, Gaspoz JM, Uçkay I. J Antimicrob Chemother 2019 May 18. Doi: 10.1093/jac/dkz202.

Summary and editorial by Dr. Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker

For several decades, osteoarticular infections after implant removal have been treated with antibiotics for a duration of six weeks. In this single-centre, unblinded, randomized trial, 123 patients were randomized to 4 or 6 weeks of systemic antibiotic treatment after infected hardware was removed (i.e. prosthetic joints, orthopaedic plates or nail implants). Most patients received intravenous antibiotics for 4 days before switching to oral. Intraoperative cultures were taken after a minimum antibiotic holiday of 2 weeks before re-implantation of hardware. Microbiological recurrence during reimplantation was observed in 2 of 62 patients in the 4-week arm (3.2%) versus 1 of 61 patients in the 6-week arm (1.6%) (P=0.57). Recurrence of clinical infection occurred in 4 out of 62 patients in the 4-week arm (6.5%) and in 3 out of 61 patients in the 6-week arm (4.9%) (P=0.74) during a minimum follow-up of 6 months (median follow-up of 2.2 years).

Based on these results, the authors demonstrate non-inferiority of a 4-week antibiotic treatment course compared to 6-weeks for osteoarticular infections after implant removal. It should be noted that a large proportion of included infections were acute and thus, its non-inferiority can probably not be extrapolated one on one to chronic infections with the presence of mature biofilm.

The study conducted by Benkabouche et al. again demonstrates that the habit of prescribing long courses of antibiotics can be questioned. Nowadays, several studies suggest that antibiotic duration can be shortened for indications that traditionally have been treated for longer periods, in particular prosthetic joint infections, provided that proper surgical debridement has been performed [1]. In addition, in agreement with the OVIVA trial [2], early switch to oral antibiotics can be safely performed if antibiotics are chosen with adequate oral bioavailability.

References

  1. Lora-Tamayo J, Euba G, Cobo J et al. Short- versus long-duration levofloxacin plus rifampicin for acute staphylococcal prosthetic joint infection managed with implant retention: a randomised clinical trial. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2016 Sep;48(3):310-6.
  2. Li HK, Rombach I, Zambellas R et al. Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotics for Bone and Joint Infection. N Engl J Med. 2019 Jan 31;380(5):425-436.
potw

Paper of the week: Stopping antibiotics after surgical amputation in diabetic foot and ankle infections-A daily practice cohort.

Paper of the week: Stopping antibiotics after surgical amputation in diabetic foot and ankle infections-A daily practice cohort. Rossel A, Lebowitz D, Gariani K, Abbas M, Kressmann B, Assal M, Tscholl P, Stafylakis D, Uçkay I. Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2019 Feb 6;2(2): e00059. doi: 10.1002/edm2.59. eCollection 2019 Apr.

Summary by Dr. Sreeram Penna

This is a retrospective cohort study included adult diabetic foot and ankle infection patients who underwent amputation. Researchers studied benefits of continuing antibiotics after amputation. Overall 482 episodes in 258 patients were included in the study. Osteomyelitis was diagnosed in 239 cases. Median duration of antibiotics post amputation was 7 days. In 109 episodes antibiotic was discontinued immediately after surgery. Using multivariate analysis researchers concluded that neither duration of post-operative antibiotics (Hazards ratio: 1.0; CI 0.99 – 1.01) nor immediate discontinuation (Hazards ratio: 0.9; CI 0.5 -1.5) altered overall failure rate. Researchers also stressed importance of amputation with clear margins.

Document

ICM document update: Ukrainian translation completed

ICM document Ukrainian translation completed and is available at the following link