Are there patients with degenerative pathology, such as disc herniations, who are actually infected with a low-grade infection (e.g., Propionibacterium acnes)?

Author: Bryan Alexander

RECOMMENDATION: The association between the Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) (formerly P. acnes) and degenerative spinal disease is inconclusive.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Limited

DELEGATE VOTE: Agree: 86%, Disagree: 14%, Abstain: 0% (Super Majority, Strong Consensus)

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