Does the surface (grit-blasted, plasma-sprayed, porous metal, porous beaded and hydroxyapatite (HA) coated) of uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) components influence the rate of subsequent surgical site infections/periprosthetic joint infections (SSIs/PJIs)?

Authors: Valentin Antoci, Constantinos Ketonis

RECOMMENDATION: The surface roughness, including porosity size, geometry and symmetry determines biocompatibility. Several studies have
shown that the surface material influences bacterial adherence, with an ideal pore size dependent on bacterial size. Too small a pore size does not
allow bacterial lodging. In recent studies, nanotexture of material has been found to be important with some surfaces with nanotubules showing anti-infective properties.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Limited
DELEGATE VOTE: Agree: 61%, Disagree: 20%, Abstain: 19% (Super Majority, Weak Consensus)

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