What clinical signs (e.g., gross wound changes (swelling, erythema or drainage)) are concerning for shoulder periprosthetic joint infection (PJI)?

Authors: Jay Keener, Ofer Levy, Adrien Jacquot
RECOMMENDATION: The presence of a sinus tract is the only clinical sign that can be considered highly specifi c for shoulder PJI. Other clinical signs of shoulder PJI include unexpected wound drainage.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Limited
DELEGATE VOTE: Agree: 100%, Disagree: 0%, Abstain: 0% (Unanimous, Strongest Consensus)

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