What is the relationship between smoking and infection in fracture procedures? Is smoking history or only current smoking important? Does nicotine cessation at time of fracture reduce complication rates?

Authors: Carlos A. Sánchez Correa, Mustafa Citak, Carl Haasper, Niklas Unter Ecker

RECOMMENDATION: Smoking seems to increase the risk of infection in fracture procedures. The importance of smoking history versus current smoking status is unknown. It is also unknown if nicotine cessation (smoking) at time of fracture treatment reduces complication rates.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Limited

DELEGATE VOTE: Agree: 100%, Disagree: 0%, Abstain: 0% (Unanimous, Strongest Consensus)

t11