What modifiable and non-modifiable host factors contribute to an increased risk of surgical site infection/periprosthetic joint infection (SSI/PJI)?

Authors: Setor Kunutsor, Richard Iorio, James E. Feng, Zlatan Cizmic

RECOMMENDATION: Modifiable host factors such as body mass index (BMI), smoking and alcohol, as well as certain medical co-morbidities have been shown to increase the risk of SSIs/PJIs. Non-modifiable factors such as increasing age, male gender and black ethnicity have also been shown to increase the risk of SSIs/PJIs.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Strong

DELEGATE VOTE: Agree: 98%, Disagree: 1%, Abstain: 1% (Unanimous, Strongest Consensus)

RATIONALE:

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